Birth, Name And Reverential Titles
Birth, Name And Reverential Titles
There is no consensus of opinion regarding the exact place cfhis birth. The author of”Sair-ul-Arefeen” is ofopinion that he vas born in Sajastan. There are others, however, who hold the view that Gharib Nawaz was born in Saijar (near Mosul). Some have marked out his place of birth in Sanjar, which is near Isfahan. But it is true to say that his place ofbirth is Asfahan. He was brought up in Sanjar.
The Abbaside Caliphs used to perpetuate tyrannies on the Syeds. Hence, it is most probable that his forefathers in order to escape the tyrannies and maltreatment meted to out to them may have migrated to Sanjar, far from Baghdad (which Abul Fazi has described as ‘Sankar’ or ‘Sangar’).
His date ofbirth is likewise shrouded in mystery. It has been given as between the year 523 and 537 A H. In fact, he was born in the year 530 A.H.
His full name is Moeen-ud-Din Hasan, but there are some who assert that his full name is Moeen-ud-Din. His parents affebtionately called him as ‘Hasan’ only.
After his death, there were written on his forehead the words—’Habib Allah’— the Beloved of God. This is considered Lo be a title, conferred upon him by God.
When on his reaching Medina, he offered his respects to holy Prophet Muhammad, his respects and Salaams were acknowledged, and he was awarded the title of ‘Qutub..ul— Mashaikh Barro Bebr—Lord of the Land and the Sea.’
Since he rendered services in India as becomes the prophets, the title of ‘Hind-un-Nabi’ (Prophet of India) figures in the old biographies.
To-day, after lapse of centuries, he is remembered, invoked, and addressed by various other titles, the chief amongst, theni are: as:
Ata-e-Rasul (Gift of Prophet) Khawaja-e-Ajmer (Khawaja of Ajmer) Khawaja-e-Buzurg (the Great Khawaja) Flind-ul-Wali (the Saint of India)
Gharib Nawaz (the Patron of the Poor) Sultan-ui-Hind (Spiritual Sovereign of India) Naib-e-Rasul-fil-Hind (the Deputy ofProphet in India)
There are some who invoke and address him by such titles Taj-ul-Muqarrebeen-wal-Muhaqqeqeen (Crown of the Near Ones and of the Enlightened) Sayyed-ul-Abedeen (Sayyed of Pious) Taj-ul-Ashiqeen (Crown of the Lovers) Burhan-ui-Waseleen (Symbol of the United) Aftab-e-Jahan (Sun of the World) Panah-e-Bekasan (Shelter of the Helpless) Daleel-ui-Arefeen (Argument of the Enlightened)
Reasons for Calling Him Chishti
It is wrong to suppose that the Chishti Order owes its origin to Hazrat Khawaj a Gharib Nawaz. On the contrary, the fountainhead of the Chishtis is Hazrat Khawaja Abu Ishaque of Syria.
It so happened that once he approached Hazrat Khawaja Mumshad Au Dinwari in Baghdad, with the idea of becoming Fis disciple. After his being enrolled as a disciple. Hazrat Khawaja Mumshad Ali Dinwari asked his name. He replied, “This humble being is called Abu Ishaque Shami.” Thereupon Hazrat Khawaja Mumshad Ali Dinwari said: “From to-day onwards, we will call thee Abu Ishaque Chishti, and whosoever enters thy spiritual fold till the Day ofResurrection will be, likewise, called ‘Chishti’.”
Accordingly, Hazrat Khawaja Abu Ishaque Shami, with the consent and command of his spiritual guide and teacher, moved on to Chishti and got him selfengaged in preaching and propagating the Gospel of Truth.
The other saints of his time, namely, Hazrat Khawaja Abu Abmad Chishti, Hazrat Khawaja Muhammad Chishti, Hazrat Khawaja Abu YusufChishti, and Hazrat Khawaja Qutub-ud-Din Modud Chishti all ofwhom lived, worked, died, and were buried in Chisht.
For this very reason, this Spiritual Order subsequently came to be known as ‘Chishti’! All the aforesaid saints, it should be remembered, are the spiritual teachers, guides and precursors of Hazrat Khawaja Gharib Nawaz, Consequently, Gharib Nawaz also came to be called as ‘Chishti’.