Traits Of Character
Gharib Nawaz was an embodiment of plain living and high thinking.
His noble disposition, his marvellous self control, his renunciation, self-abnegation, selfless service, his patience, perseverance, fortitude and courage earned for him, not only respect and secured for him admirers and devotees, but put on his head the Crown of Immortality.He passed his days in reverential remembrance of God, contemplation and meditation.
He was free from avarice and greed. He had no Just for power, no wish for name or fame, and no desire for wealth. He sought nothing but the pleasure of God.
He was deeply loved by his spiritual guide and teacher, Hazrat Khawaja Usman Harooni . As a matter of fact, Hazrat Khawaja Usman Harooni used to feel proud of him. He used to say:“Our Moeen-ud-Din is a beloved of God, and I feel proud of the fact that he is my disciple.”Of the distinguishing traits of his character, which marked him out for spiritual greatness may be mentioned the following:
Fondness for Prayer
He was deeply devoted to prayers. The Holy Prophet Muhammad said, “Should I not become a thankful man,” and Gharib Nawaz fully and faithfully acted upon it.
He passed his life in prayers and asceticism. For long seventy years, it is surprising to note that Gharib Nawaz took no rest or respite. He did not take rest even in the night. During this time he lived with ablutions, except that for the call ofnature, Generally, he used to offer morning prayers with the ablutions ofthe midnight prayer. He was very fond ofreading the Holy Quran. He used to finish two Qurans, one in the day and the other during the night.
Hazrat Qutub Saheb says that Gharib Nawaz used to go on apilgrimage to Mecca every year from Ajmer, by dint ofhis high spiritual powers, But, on attaining even higher perfection it so xappened that he was present, sitting in his tenement, wher :i. pilgrims in Mecca would see him going round the Kaaba.
At last, it came to be known that he was present in Kaaba every night and returning, before daybreak, he used to offer morning prayers in his mosque.
Concern for Discivles
One day, he was present in the Kaaba, when a voice was heard saying, “0 Moeen-ud-Din, We are pleased with thee, We have forgiven thee. We have granted thee salvation. Ask of Us, whatever thou may’st desire.” He submitted thus:“0 God Almighty! grant salvation to the spiritual dcn1es of the line of Moeen-ud-Djn.”Thereupon he received the reply thus:“0 Moeen-ud-Din, thou art Our dear, one. I will c . shower blessings on thy spiritual disciples and alsoon those who will enlist themselves in thy line till the Day of Resurrection.”
Love of God
His face always appeared to be sorry and sad. Hazrat Qutub“I passed twenty years in his service, but I never heard that he ever prayed for his health. But, instead, he used to say, ‘0 Saheb says: God! wherever there be pain (of Love) grant it to thy servant- Moeen-ud-Din’.”
Interest in Music
He was very fond of music. Sometimes, he became unconscious in a state ofrapture. The Ulama and the saints used to join him in music concerts. One who ever had the opportunity of attending his music concerts used to derive spiritual ecstasy and ultimately became a perfect mystic. No one ever objected to his music concerts, but, on the contrary, used tojoin him in order to gain the inner vision.
Khawaja Qutub Saheb says: “In the music concerts of our Khawaja, eminent saints -and mystics used to join it. Some of those who joined him thus are Hazrat Sheikh Shahab-ud-Din Suharwardy, Hazrat Sheikh Muhammad of Kirman, Sheikh Muhammad of Isfahan, Sheikh Burhan-ud-Din of Chist, Hazrat Maulana Baha-ud-Din of Bukhara, Maulana Muhammad of Baghdad, Khawaja Ajal of Sanjar, Sheikh Saif-ud-Din Bakheri,Sheikh Ahmad son of Muhammad of lsfahan, Sheikhjalal-ud=Din of Tabriz, disciple ofSheikh A’ aeed, Sheikh Ohad-ud-Din of Kirman, Sheikh Ahmad Wahid, Sheikh Burhan-ud-Din of Ghazni,Khawaja Sulaiman and Sheikh Abdul Rëhman.’Besides those mentio:dL . there were n’ others who came to pay Gharib Nawaz their respects from far off. They came from Baghdad and other neighbouring cities.:act with •: :: L:iT. benefited. :;repared to do anything at his Respectfor Spiritual Preceptor. He had the deepest respect for his spiritual teacher and guide. One day, when he was sitting with some friends, he was talking about spiritual matters During the course of conversation, Everybody who car They all had faith in him a bidding.
‘4en he looked towards the right, he would at once stand up. 1ose present, not knowing as to whom he was paying respect, re simply puzzled. When, at last, Gharib Nawaz was asked about it, he replied: “The tomb ofmy spiritual teacher and guide iituated that side, and when I saw that side, invariably, I caught a1impse of it. Therefore, out of respect, I stood up each time I saw that side.”
When he was absorbed, or lost in contemplation, he used to kp his eyes closed for hours together. He would open his eyes oi1y at the time of prayer, When he was thus absorbed, on whomsoever he cast his glance he, indeed, became a perfect saint. Ar1d the one who stayed for three days in his company found hinselfendowed with mystical powers.
He would undergo two different moods. Sometimes, he would be in an elevated mood, and when in an elevated mood he was so much absorbed in contemplation that he would be heedless of all around him. Sometimes he would be in a pensive mood and, when in such mood, he would close the door of his room and devote himself.
Hazrat Qutub Saheb and Sheikh Hamid-ud-Din of Nagore would erect stones to serve as a curtain before the door of the tenement. They both used to sit behind it.
Strict Adherence to the Prophet
He followed very strictly the commands, the mandates and the behests of the Holy Prophet Muhammad. He followed the 1-loly Prophet very faithfully in his day-to-day life.
Fear of God
The fear of God ever and anon dominated his mind. He would tremble and weep. He also feared the last resting-place– the grave. He used to say that ifpeople may come to know even a little of the condition of those sleeping underneath the ground they would, undoubtedly, become motionless and would become water like salt.
He was gifted with angelic qualities. He was of a forgiving nature. He was constant, patient and persevering. He had a clean heart and a purified mind. He did not wish anybody evil. He bore no ill-will to anybody. He never hurt anybody’s feelings. He had respect, courtesy and love for all irrespective of caste, creed or religion. He was above difference and distinction. He never showed anger to anyone. He never felt aggrieved by the word or action of anyone.
He was generous and kind-hearted. He would help the poor and the needy. He had a word of comfort and cheer for the oppressed, the depressed, the hclpless and the down-trodden. In an instant he showered his spiritual blessings on people and thus enabled them to reach great spiritual heights. One day a person implored him to give him this world, and another person the same day sought from him the world hereafter. They both got what they asked for. Afterwards, he honoured Hazrat Qutub Saheb by conferring on him the title of “Qutub-ul-Aqtab” and also Sufi Hamid-ud-Din ofNagore was, likewise, honoured and he received the title of “Sultan-ut-Tarekeen”.
His generosity knew no bounds. Never did a beggar or the need go from his door without getting something. Hazrat Qutub Sahib says: “I stayed in his service for a considerable period of time, but I never saw a beggar or any needy going from his door without taking something.”
He was humble and very hospitable. He was first to make salaams. He greeted every visitor with a broad smile and extended him utmost hospitality. He shared the sorrows and misfortunes of others, His sympathy extended to all.
The poor and the destitute of the city depended upon his kitchen for their subsistence. People used to flock to his kitchen and take the food to their heart’s content. Every day a huge quantity of food was cooked. The superintendent of the kitchen would approach him for the expenses and Gharib Nawaz would lift up the edge ofthe praying carpet and say to him, “Whatever you need for today’s expenses take from here.”
Moreover, he, also used to pay allowances to the Dervishes. Whenever any invalid came to him he would inquire about him, console him, pray for him and give him something.
His diet was frugal. He lived not to eat but ate for living and for praying. He kept fasts for all the twelve month of the year. During the period of asceticism he lived continuously for seven days together without taking anything, and after that be would take a piece of barley, the piece not exceeding five tolas in weight and soaking it in water would take it up. When in travel, very often he took the roasted meat of whatever he shot by arrow.
His dress too was shorn ofall splendour. It consisted of one wrapper which was sewn up. Whenever it was torn off he would put a patch of any other cloth that he had with him. His clothes had always patches.
He would not allow, generally, more than one Dervish to accompany him in travels. He would stay in desolate and deserted places. Sometimes he would stay in a graveyard. The moment he came to be known he would stay there no longer. He hated publicity.
Gharib Nawaz was not only a. great mystic, an outstanding preacher, and an inspired man, but at the same time lie was an erudite scholar and a poet of renown. He has left a collection of poems in Persian.
Among his other books, traced so far, are the following. They are written in Persian:
1 . Anis-ul-Arwah. In this book he has written the Discourses of his spiritual Guide and Teacher, Hazrat Khawaja Usman Harooni.
- Hadith-ul-Maarf The book is rare.
- Risala Maujudia. This book is also rare.
- Kanz-ul-Asrar. This book was written at the behest of his Guide and Teacher, Hazrat Khawaja Usman Harooni. It was written for the guidance of Sultan Shams-ud-Din litutmash. The book is based on Qur’anic injunctions and on the sayings and teachings of the Holy Prophet Muhammad. It also contains an elaboration and elucidation of the sayings and teachings ofsome ofthe foremost amongst the mystics. The book is not yet published. It is available though with some difficulty.
- Kashf-ul-Asrar. This is a small book.